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John Marshall

high school

MLA 7th edition Citation Formats

Citation Examples for a Variety of Print and Electronic Resources

Use the following abbreviations for information you cannot supply:

n.p.                        No place of publication given

n.p .                       No publisher given

n.d.                        No date of publication given

n.pag.                   No pagination (page number) given

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Anthology or Collection (i.e. Collection of Essays)

Format:  To cite the entire anthology or collection, list by editor(s) followed by a comma and eds or for multiple editors, eds. (for edited by).  Title of Essay [in italics.] City of publication: publishing company, copyright year. Publication medium.

Example:  Hill, Charles A., and Marguerite Helmers, eds.  Defining Visual Rhetorics. 

    
Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004. Print.

A Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection

Format:  This may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book.

Last name, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection. Ed. Editor’s Name(s). City of publication: publishing Company, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of publication.

Example: 

Harris, Muriel. “Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers.” A Tutor’s Guide: Helping

    Writers One to One
. Ed. Ben Rafoth.  Portsmouth: Heinemann, 2000. 24034. Print.

Article in a Reference Book (i.e. Encyclopedia, Dictionary, etc.)

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. [If known] “Article title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Publication title. [In italics] Edition. [If stated] copyright year. Publication medium.

Example:

Beller, Steven. "Vienna." World Book. 3rd ed. 2013. Print.

BLOG

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. “Title of individual blog entry.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Title of blog. [In italics] Date posted. Publication medium. Date accessed.  [Date you viewed it]

Example:

World Book Blog: “Attack of the Giant Snails.” World Book Blog: Yesterday and

    Today,
16 Apr 2013, Web 
Sept.2013.

BOOK WITH ONE AUTHOR

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. Title of Book.  [In italics] City of publication: publishing company, copyright year. Publication medium. 

*****If no author, start with the title of the book and go from there.

Example:

Gors, Steven E. The secret files of Professor L. Otto Funn: or, Stop Being a Slug,

    Open This 
Book, and Make Your Brain Happy. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 2013.

    Print.

BOOK WITH TWO OR MORE AUTHORS

Format: Author’s last name, first name, and other author’s first name then last name.  Title of Book.  [in italics] City of publication: publishing company, copyright year. Publication medium.

Example:

Gates, Henry, and Evelyn B. Higginbotham, eds.  African American National

    Biography
. 8 vols. New York: 
Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

BOOK THAT IS PART OF A SERIES

Format: Author’s last name, first name and other author’s first name and last name. (if another exists) Title of Book. [In italics] Edition.  (if stated) Volume number(s) [if a multivolume work]. City of publication: Publishing company, copyright year. Publication medium.  Title of book series.

Example:

Midthu, Joseph, and Samuel Hiti. Force and Motion. Chicago: World Book, 2012.

    Print. Building Blocks of
Science.

E-BOOK ON A DIGITAL DEVICE

Format: Author’s last name, first name. Full book title. [In italics] Edition. [If stated] Volume number(s) [if a multivolume work]. City of publication: Publishing company, copyright year. File format (PDF, Kindle file, e-pub).

Example:

Hanson, Thor. Feathers:  The Evolution of a Natural Miracle. New York: Basic Books,

    2011. Kindle file.

E-BOOK ON THE INTERNET

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. Full book title. [In italics] Edition. [If stated] Volume number(s) [if a multivolume work]. City of publication: Publishing company, year of publication. Title of database or website. [In italics] Publication medium. Date of access. [Date you viewed it]

Example:

Wharton, Edith. The Age of Innocence. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1920.

    World Book 
Advanced.  Web. 04 Sept. 2013.

FILM OR VIDEO RECORDING

Format:  Title of film or video recording. [In italics] Director. [If given] Original release date [if relevant]. Distributor, year of release.  Publication medium.

Example:

Inside the Milky Way. Dir. Duncan Copp. National Geographic, 2010. DVD

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION

Format: Government name. Issuing agency name.  Publication title.  [In italics] City of publication: Publishing company, year of copyright. Publication medium.

Example:

United States.  Census Bureau.  Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2012.

    Washington, D.C. : Census 
Bureau, 2001. Print.

Image (from the Internet)

Format: Last name, first name of the artist. [if the work is posted via a username, use that username for the author] “Title of the work.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] the medium of the work [photograph, painting, sculpture, etc.]  Website title. [In italics] Publisher or sponsor of the site, date of publication. Publication medium. Date of access. [Date you viewed it]

Example:

Brandychloe. “Great Horned Owl Family.” Photograph. Webshots. American

    Greetings, 22 May 2006.
Web. 5 Nov. 2009.

MAGAZINE ARTICLE

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. “Article title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Publication title. [In italics] copyright year: page numbers. Publication medium.

Example:

Jackson, Thomas A. "Coolest Coasters on Earth." National Geographic for kids 20

    May 2013: 20-21.
Print.

NEWSPAPER

Format: Author’s last name, first name. “Article title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Publication title [in italics] Date of publishing company, edition [if given], section letter or number [if applicable]: page numbers. Publication medium.

Hirst, Ellen Jean. “Veterans of World War ll Enjoy Freedom of the Skies.” Chicago

    Tribune
3 Sept. 2013, 
sec.1:4. Print.

PAMPHLET

Format: Author’s last name, first name. Pamphlet title. [in italics] City of publication: Publisher, copyright year. Publication medium.

Example:

Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board. Stand Up to Cyberbullying. Portland,

    OR: Northwest 
Portland Area Indian Health Board, n.d. Print.

PERSONAL INTERVIEW

Format: Interviewed person’s name. Kind of interview. Date of interview.

Example:

Meyers, Davin. Personal Interview. 4 May 2013.

PODCAST   If the podcast is accessed from the Web:

Format: “Description or title of individual podcast.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Title of podcast program or series. [In italics] Title of Website.  [If different from title of podcast program or series] [in italics] Publisher of podcast, date of publication. Publication medium. Date of access. [Date you viewed it]

Example:

“Some Rattlesnakes Losing Their Warning Rattle in S. Dakota.” All Things

    Considered.
Natl. Public Radio, 
29 Aug. 2013.

PODCAST   If the podcast is stored on the computer or a digital device:

Format: “Description or title of individual podcast.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Title of podcast program or series. [In italics] Publisher of podcast, date of publication. Description of digital file. [If unknown, use the term-Digital File]

Example:

“Some Rattlesnakes Losing Their Warning Rattle in S. Dakota.” All Things

    Considered.
Natl. Public Radio, 
29 Aug. 2013. MP3 file.

RADIO OR TELEVISION PROGRAM

Format: “Episode or segment title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Program title. [in italics]  Name of network. Call letters, city of local station [if any], broadcast date. Medium of reception. [Radio or Television]

Example:

“Can Hunting Endangered Animals Save the Planet?” 60 Minutes. CBS. WBBM,

    Chicago, 29 Jan. 2012.

Sound Recording

Format:  Artist. [Last name, first name] “Song title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks], recording date. Album title. [In italics] Recording label, year of issue. Website [from which the lyrics were taken; in italics] the medium. (LP, Web, cassette, etc.] Date of access. [Date you listened to the recording]

Example: 

Lyrics, Thomas. “Writing is My World.” Rec. 12 Dec 2005. Reflections.  Meditation

    Records, 2006.
Thomas Lyrics. Web. 1 Mar 2009.

Subscription Database

Format:  Author’s last name, first name. “Title of article.” [In quotation marks] Name of periodical [in italics] Volume number. Issue number [if applicable] (copyright year): [in parenthesis] pages. Name of online database. [In italics] Publication medium. Date of access [date you viewed it] URL

Pasquier, Roger F. “Jellyfish.” Encyclopedia Americana.  (2004): 48. Grolier Online. 

    
Web. 12. Jan. 2007.
http://ea.grolier.com

*** If no author, start with the title of the article and go from there.

A TWEET

Format: Author’s last name, first name (User name). “Text of tweet.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Day Month Year, Time of tweet. Publication medium.

Example:

Athar, Sohaib (Really Virtual). “Helicopter hovering above Abbottabad at 1 AM (is a

    rare event).” 1 May 
2011, 3:58 p.m. Tweet.

YouTube Video

MLA does not currently prescribe a citation style for YouTube videos. Based on MLA standards for other media formats, we feel that the following format is the most acceptable for citing YouTube videos:

Format: Author’s Name or Poster’s Username. “Title of Image or Video.” Media Type
Text. Name of Website. Name of Website’s Publisher, date of posting. Medium. Date retrieved.

Example:

Shimabukuro, Jake. "Ukulele Weeps by Jake Shimabukuro." Online video clip.

                YouTube. YouTube, 22 Apr. 2006. Web. 9 Sept. 2010.

WEBSITE

Format:  Author’s last name, first name.  “Article or Web page title.” [Enclosed in quotation marks] Website title. [In italics] Publisher or sponsor of the site, date of publication. Publication medium. Date of access. [Date you viewed it]

Maney, Patrick J.”Roosevelt, Eleanor. “World Book Student. World Book, 2013 Web.

    04 Sept 2013. 

Works Cited

Cite it Right!. n.p.: World Book, 2013. Print.

The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 02

    Feb 2015.

 

 

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